The city's heavy industry is mostly situated on the flat land beside the bay to the north of the CBD.Geelong also has a reputation as an educational and commercial centre.Lieutenant Tuckey ventured out from this settlement and was probably the first European to investigate the future townsite.One of the convicts from the settlement, named William Buckley, escaped and was adopted by a local Aboriginal tribe with whom he lived for 32 years.For about 25 000 years prior to European settlement the area was occupied by the Wathawurung people.
In 1837 Governor Bourke visited the new settlement which he had surveyed.
In 1993 urban sprawl forced the de facto recognition that Geelong, Geelong West, Newtown, South Barwon, Bellarine and the shire of Corio were effectively a continuous whole and they were amalgamated to form the City of Greater Geelong which, in 1996, had a population of 175,409.
Regardless of Geelong's industrial reputation the CBD is quite elegant and beautiful owing to the Victorian public architecture, the floral gardens and parklands, the festive seaside qualities created by Corio Bay's presence, the beauty of Eastern Park and the Botanical Gardens on the headland overlooking the bay, and the thoughtful presentation of the promenade at Eastern Beach.
Cowie and Stead erected a lookout on what is now Bell Post Hill in order that incoming ships be quickly spotted; the reason being that goods from Van Dieman's Land had to be left at Point Henry as a sandbar prevented the entry of large vessels into the bay.
A bell was also set up on the hill to alert settlers in case of Aboriginal attack and it is probable that this same bell is the one now in use at Morongo Girls' College on the same site. Two stores, the Woolpack Inn and a customs station were opened.This 'agreement' ceded 500 000 acres of land around Melbourne and 100 000 acres around the future Geelong (including the entire Bellarine peninsula) to the Association, in exchange for a down payment and a yearly tribute of blankets, knives, tomahawks, looking glasses, scissors, clothing and flour.